China Xi'an Attractions
The Terra-Cotta Warriors
— Terra-Cotta Army Museum
— Great Archeological Find
The Terra-Cotta Army is one of the greatest
archaeological finds of the 20th century. Located about 25 miles east of Xian, China— this "eighth wonder of the world" attracts two million tourists a year.
Warriors & Horses
Essential Full-Day Tour from Xian
The Terra Cotta Army was created to guard Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s tomb
and to protect him in the afterlife — the first Emperor of China died in 210 BC and was buried with his Terracotta Army. In
1974, the tomb was discovered by farmers digging an irrigation well
near the base of Qin's pyramid.
Since then, archaeologists have uncovered about 2,000 of the 8,000 life-size warriors from 22 square miles of Pits. Planted in battle formation, each of the soldier's
bodies are identical cast from the same mold although
their faces are unique.
Museum of Terra-Cotta Army
Today, only a small portion of the underground army of Terra-Cotta Warriors has been fully excavated. Archaeologists have also unearthed about 40,000 bronze weapons from the Terracotta Pit, including spears, battle axes, crossbows, and arrowheads.
Pit #1 is the
largest and most impressive area. It contains over 6,000 Terra-Cotta
Pit #2 was discovered
in 1976. It contains over 1,400 chariots and cavalrymen.
Pit #3 was excavated in 1977. The small chamber contains figures that
appear to represent
an Elite Command Force.
Pit #4 was discovered
empty speculation includes the death of the Emporer
and the fall of the dynasty.
The most recent Pit to be discovered contains
figures of women and animals (pigs, cattle, goats and chickens).
Arrive early in the morning to avoid the crowds.
Better yet, ask if your tour guide can get you into the museum
before it opens to the public — for a private showing.
is now allowed inside each of the Pits.