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International Travel
China — Xi'an Attractions
The Terra-Cotta Warriors
— Terra-Cotta Army Museum

Terra-Cotta Warriors
— Great Archeological Find

The Terra-Cotta Army is one of the greatest archaeological finds of the 20th century. Located about 25 miles east of Xian, China— this "eighth wonder of the world" attracts two million tourists a year.

Book Terra-Cotta Warriors & Horses
Essential Full-Day Tour from Xian

The Terra Cotta Army was created to guard Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s tomb and to protect him in the afterlife — the first Emperor of China died in 210 BC and was buried with his Terracotta Army. In 1974, the tomb was discovered by farmers digging an irrigation well near the base of Qin's pyramid.

Since then, archaeologists have uncovered about 2,000 of the 8,000 life-size warriors from 22 square miles of Pits. Planted in battle formation, each of the soldier's bodies are identical — cast from the same mold — although their faces are unique.



Museum of Terra-Cotta Army
Today, only a small portion of the underground army of Terra-Cotta Warriors has been fully excavated. Archaeologists have also unearthed about 40,000 bronze weapons from the Terracotta Pit, including spears, battle axes, crossbows, and arrowheads.

Pit #1 is the largest and most impressive area. It contains over 6,000 Terra-Cotta figures.

Pit #2 was discovered in 1976. It contains over 1,400 chariots and cavalrymen.

Pit #3 was excavated in 1977. The small chamber contains figures that appear to represent an Elite Command Force.

Pit #4 was discovered empty — speculation includes the death of the Emporer and the fall of the dynasty.



The most recent Pit to be discovered contains figures of women and animals (pigs, cattle, goats and chickens).

Tips
Arrive early in the morning to avoid the crowds. Better yet, ask if your tour guide can get you into the museum before it opens to the public — for a private showing.

Photography is now allowed inside each of the Pits.

 

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Book Terra-Cotta Warriors & HorsesEssential Full-Day Tour
from Xian


View of  Pit # 1 with Terra-Cotta Warriors, Xian, China

Close-up of Terra-Cotta Warriors, Xian, China

"After" Excavation of Terra-Cotta Warriors, Xian, China

Overview of Pit #1 with Terra-Cotta Warriors, Xian, China
Pit #1:
Largest area, contains over 6,000 Terra-Cotta figures

Pit #2 with Warrior and Horses, Xian, China
Pit #2:
Discovered in 1976, it contains over 1,400 chariots and cavalrymen

Pit #3 with Elite Command Force Warriors, Xian, China
Pit #3:
Excavated in 1977, the small chamber contains figures that appear to represent an Elite Command Force.

Unearthed "Before Excavation" of Warriors, Xian, ChinaPit #4:
Discovered empty, speculation includes the death of the Emporer and the fall of the dynasty.

More Info on Terra-Cotta Warriors & Horses Essential Full-Day Tour from Xian

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